Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is an African country and a founding member of the East African Community. Its capital and largest city is Nairobi. Kenya lies at the equator; with the Indian Ocean lying to the South-East and is bordered by Tanzania to the South, Uganda to the West, South Sudan to the North-West, Ethiopia to the North and Somalia to the East. The country covers 581,309 Km2, and has a population of approximately 42 Million people.
Kenya has a warm and humid tropical climate on its Indian Ocean coastline. The climate is cooler in the savannah grasslands around the capital city, Nairobi, and especially closer to Mount Kenya, which has snow permanently on its peaks. Further inland, in the Nyanza region, there is a hot and dry climate which becomes humid around Lake Victoria, the largest tropical fresh-water lake in the world. This gives way to temperate and forested hilly areas in the neighboring Western region. The North-Eastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes. Kenya is traditionally famous for its safaris, diverse climate and geography, and expansive wildlife reserves and national parks such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, the Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, and Aberdares National Park. Kenya has several world heritage sites such as Lamu and numerous world-famous beaches including in Diani, Bamburi and Kilifi where international yachting competitions are held every year.
Nairobi draws its name from the Maasai Phrase "Enkare Nairobi" which means "cool water". This phrase is also the Maasai name for the Nairobi River, which in-turn lent its name to the city. Its geographical co-ordinates are 1°17′S 36°49′E; and is situated at 5,450ft (1,661m) above sea level. The city occupies 696 Km2. Nairobi has fairly pleasant climatic conditions; summarized below:
- The yearly temperature averages at 24.5 oC (76.1 oF).
- The longest day has 12:04 hours with the shortest day being 11;55 hours long.
- It is sunny 57.6% of daylight hours, with the remaining daylight hours being cloudy, or with shade, haze or low sun intensity.
- Nairobi has two rain seasons; Long Rains begin in mid March and end in late May. The Short Rains begin in Mid September and end late November.
- The coldest months are between June and August; with average mean temperatures at 15.6 oC (60.1 oF).
Be sure to check out the weather forecast for expected weather conditions in Nairobi during the conference period.